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VLSI & Embedded

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VLSI Training and Placement Program
VLSI or Very Large Scale Integration is a way through which integrated circuit is created by integrating millions of transistors into a single chip. This design has become the most happening field of electronics and is finding its application in diverse range of electrical equipment like computer peripherals, cell phones, satellites, defense aerospace, consumer electronics, set top entertainment boxes and several other devices. All those candidates, who are looking to build a career in VLSI field, Vector Institute offers training program in VLSI technologies, which is designed to meet the contemporary demands of the industry. Our VLSI technologies course trained candidates with various domains of chip design.
Our training course on VLSI technologies is the right blend of classroom teaching, hands-on experience and workplace dynamics. The candidates undergo this training through classroom teaching and practical classes in the initial training program, which is followed by industry-driven projects in the next training program. After successfully completing the training program that candidate become proficient and job ready in diverse areas of VLSI Logic and Physical design. The entire VLSI training program is designed in such a manner that candidates well understand the concepts and get good overview of the design requirements.
Our VLSI Design Course imparts ASIC, FPGA design flows, and trains engineers extensively on the VLSI design methodologies, CMOS, VHDL, Verilog and System Verilog. An unprecedented demand for the expert professionals of VLSI Design is encouraging us to offer course that geared towards meeting the increasing demand of the electronic industry.
  • Provide an overview of the fundamental principles of VLSI, ASIC / FPGA design.
  • Give the understanding of the characteristics of CMOS circuit construction.
  • Impart experience designing integrated circuits using CAD tools.
  • Analyse the basic building blocks of large-scale digital integrated circuits.
  • Help design functional units such as adders, multipliers, ROMs, and SRAMs.
VLSI Applications
VLSI can be used in the design and implementation of VLSI/ULSI and microelectronic systems. Its applications range from computer systems to automotive to consumer electronics. Some of the research and development areas where VLSI is employed include:
  • Systems Specifications
  • Design and Partitioning
  • High performance computing and communication systems
  • Neutral Networks
  • Wafer-scale Integration
  • Multi-module Systems
Scope of VLSI
In the recent years, there has been a significant increase in the demand for chip driven products in consumer electronics, medical electronics, communication, aero-space, computers and many other sectors. Seeing this phenomenal market demand, more and more chip designing companies have set up their units in India eying on the Indian talents. Moreover, many of the Indian Major IT companies have also forayed in Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) design in a big way.
With the design & manufacturing market (both domestic & international) expanding rapidly, there is an enhanced demand of trained professionals who will boost the technical work force in the VLSI domain.
Training Process of VLSI
VECTOR Institute provides the students with the complete knowledge about ASIC and FPGA design flow. Our VLSI training process has been designed by keeping in mind the current requirements of today’s semiconductor industry. Our VLSI trainers, with the prime focus on ASIC, train the VLSI students in front-end design and ASIC verification practices. We, at Vector Institute, aims to equip the VLSI students with all the necessary skill sets in VLSI to not only find a job in blue chip companies, but also build a long-lasting and successful career in ASIC and FPGA design-based industry.
Our VLSI training components are comprised of:
  • System Verilog
  • VMM and OVM
  • VLSI Design Methodologies
  • RTL Coding
  • Synthesis Process
  • Digital design fundamentals
  • FPGA implementation and configuration of target devices(FPGA)


We Foster Excellence in Providing Effective Short-Term Courses
Embedded and VLSI systems are becoming more pervasive each day and touching virtually every aspect of daily lives. At Vector Institute, students as well as working professionals can sharpen their skills by attending our affordable and effective short-term courses. We offer a comprehensive training program with a well-integrated approach to train the candidates in improving their efficiency in these domains.
The highest quality short-term courses offered by our adept trainers give the desired working knowledge to the aspirants. Our short-term courses such as C & C++ programming, 8051 / PIC / ARM microcontrollers, Linux internals. Our institute is backed by a team of expert trainers, who share their extensive industry experience with the candidates and prepare them for a fruitful career ahead. During the training program, you can gain hands-on experience on a wide spectrum of applications. Consequently, you can refine your technical skills which in turn will give you the impetus to think out of the box.

VECTOR Institute offers 24-Week Advanced Course in Embedded Systems. This course is designed to offer application oriented training & real time exposure to students, there by provides for bridging the gap between industry’s requirements and students’ academic skill set. By pursuing the Institute’s Program in Embedded Systems the students gain ready acceptance in the market.
VECTOR Institute’s Advanced Course in Embedded systems serves the interests of practicing embedded software engineers as well as those engineers planning to enter the embedded field. The course content of this Program is approved by the industry and it,
  • Presents practical lessons and techniques for use in Designing, Implementing, Integrating and Testing software for Modern Embedded Systems
  • Describes what an embedded system is, what makes them different, and what embedded systems designers need to know to develop embedded systems
  • Provides the student with a life cycle view for designing multi-objective, multi-discipline embedded systems
  • Imparts a solid understanding of the role of embedded systems and embedded systems design and development in modern day’s technology-enabled society
What the students gain through the course?
So, the students completing the Advanced Embedded Course will be equipped with the needful technical skills concerning
  • Evaluating
  • Developing
  • Implementing
  • Integrating

Embedded systems, and will understand the role of embedded systems in the context of complex engineering systems.
Our Embedded course aims at imparting technical skills to the students right from the basics to advanced level, such that, by the end of the Program the student is developed as the finished product, ready to join the industry.
Duration :6 Months
Eligibility : B.E/B.Tech, M.Tech, M.sc (electronics branches)
Admission Through All India Entrance test conducted around 25 centers
  • Why C in Embedded
  • ANSI Standard
  • Fundamentals of C
  • Datatypes and Constants
  • Simple & Formatted I/O
  • Memory Usage
  • Operators & Expressions
  • Flow Control
  • Loops
  • Role of Functions
  • Pass by value / reference
  • Returning values from Functions
  • Recursive Functions
  • Call Back Functions
  • Implications on Stack
  • Library Vs User defined function
  • Passing variable number of arguments
  • Defining, initializing and using arrays
  • Multi Dimensional Arrays
  • Arrays of Characters and Strings
  • Arrays and Pointers
  • Passing arrays to functions
  • String handling with and without library functions
Storage Classes
  • Scope and Life
  • Automatic, Static, External, Register
  • Memory(CPU / RAM)
Structures & Unions
  • What structures are for
  • Declaration, initialization
  • Accessing like objects
  • Nested Structures
  • Array of Structures
  • Passing structures through functions
  • Allocation of memory and holes
  • Structure Comparison
  • Structure bit operation
  • Typedef for portability
  • Unions
  • Overlapping members
Enumerated data types
  • Enum, Indexing, enum Vs #define
Bit Operations
  • AND ( & ), OR ( | ), XOR ( ^ )
  • Compliment ( ~ )
  • Left-Shift ( << ), Right Shift ( >> )
  • Masking, Setting, Clearing and Testing of Bit / Bits
  • The purpose of pointers
  • Defining pointers
  • The & and * operators
  • Pointer Assignment
  • Pointer Arithmetic
  • Multiple indirections
  • Advanced pointer types
  • Generic and Null Pointer
  • Function Pointers
  • Pointers to Arrays and Strings
  • Array of Pointers
  • Pointers to Structure and Union
  • Pointers to Dynamic memory
  • Far, Near and Huge Pointers
  • Pointer Type Casting
Dynamic Memory Allocation
  • Malloc(), Calloc(), Realloc(), Free()
  • Farmalloc(), Farcalloc()
File Handling Concepts
  • Concept of a FILE data type
  • Inode, FILE structure
  • File pointer
  • Character handling routines
  • Formatted Data Routines
  • Raw data Routines
  • Random Access to FILE
Command line Arguments
  • Argc, argv
  • Variable Inputs to the main
Compiler in Practical
  • Preprocessor Directives
  • Compiler, Assembler, Linker
  • Conditional Compilation
  • Multiple File Compilation
  • Code Optimization techniques
  • Volatile, #pragma
Data Structures
  • Linear & non-linear
  • Homogeneous & non-homogeneous
  • Static & Dynamic
  • Single, Double & Circular Linked Lists
  • Stacks & Queues
  • Binary Trees
Sorting and Searching Techniques
  • Insertion, Selection, Bubble, Merge, Quick, Heap
Concepts and Real-time Exposure
  • Development Tools and Environment
  • Make Utility
  • Industry Coding Standards
  • Object / Executable File Format
  • Debugger
Mini Project 1Linux InternalsIntroduction
  • Kernel Architecture
  • Application
  • Shell and Services
  • System Calls
  • Error Handling
  • Linker and Loader
  • Static Dynamic Library
Process Management
  • Process Control Block
  • Process Creation and Exit
  • Process Scheduling Policies
  • Process Limits
  • Process Priorities
  • Foreground & Background Processes
  • Race Condition
  • Synchronization
  • Copy-on-write
  • Process time values
  • Daemon Process
  • Process Interrupt
  • Raise of Signal
  • Catching signal
  • Signal action
File Management
  • Files and File Attributes
  • File Descriptor
  • File I/O
  • Duplicating File & File Descriptor
  • File Control operations
  • File types
  • Protection
  • Inode
Inter Process Communication & Synchronization
  • Pipe
  • Fifo
  • Message Queue
  • Shared Memory
  • Client – Server properties
  • Semaphore
  • Creation
  • Termination
  • Synchronization
  • Attributes
Memory Management
  • Paging
  • Reentrancy
  • Segmentation
  • Virtual Memory
  • Memory Protection
  • Memory Sharing
Shell Script
  • Types of Shell
  • Shell Variables
  • Control Statements
  • Looping
  • Command Line Arguments
Mini Project 2Networking and TCP/IP Applications
  • Network Structure
  • Classifications and Topologies
  • Switching and Routing
  • Gateway, repeater, Hub, Bridge
  • OSI & TCP/IP Protocol Layers
  • Physical & Logical Addresses
  • ARP & RARP
  • Internet Protocol
  • Routing Protocol and IP Datagrams
  • Error and Control Messages (ICMP) UDP
  • Transfer Control Protocol
  • TCP Networking Applications
Socket Programming
  • Overview
  • Concurrent Processing
  • Programming Interface
  • Socket Interface
  • Client / Server Design
  • Concurrent Connection-Oriented Servers
  • Socket Calls for TCP and UDP
  • Single Process
  • Concurrent Servers
  • Remote Procedure Call
  • Implementation of TFTP / SMTP
Mini Project 3Microcontroller Intel 8051Introduction
  • Microprocessor vs Microcontroller
  • CISC vs RISC
Overview of Architecture of 8051
  • Processor Core and Functional Block Diagram
  • Description of memory organization
  • Overview of ALL SFR’s and their basic functionality
Low-level Programming Concepts
  • Addressing Modes
  • Instruction Set and Assembly Language (ALP)
  • Developing, Building and Debugging ALP’s
Middle Level Programming Concepts
  • Cross Compiler
  • Embedded C Implementation, prog. * Debugging
  • Differences from ASNSI-C
  • Memory Models
  • Library reference
  • Use of #pragma directive
  • Functions, Parameter passing and return types
On-Chip Peripherals
  • Ports: Input/output
  • Timers & Counters
  • Interrupts, UART
External Interfaces
  • LEDS
  • Switches (Momentary type, Toggle type)
  • Seven Segment Display: (Normal mode, BCD mode,
  • Internal Multiplexing & External Multiplexing)
  • LCD (4bit, 8bit, Busy Flag, Custom Character Generation)
  • Keypad Matrix
Keil’s RTX51 Tiny / Pumpkin’s Salvo
  • Overview
  • Specifications
  • Single-Tasking Programs
  • Multi-Tasking Programs
  • RTX51 Tiny Programs
  • Theory of Operation
  • Timer Tick Interrupt
  • Task Management & Scheduler Events
  • Round-Robin & Co-operative Task Switching
  • Idle Task
  • Stack Management
  • Function Reference
  • Porting on to H/W
  • Implementation Examples
Selective Discussion during Project Development
  • A/D & D/A Converter
  • Stepper motor, DC Motor
  • I2C Protocol (RTC:800583,DS1307 ADC:PCF8591, DS1621)
  • SPI Protocols (ADC:MCP3001)
  • IR Communications (Phillips RC5 Protocol)
  • Ethernet MAC, CAN Protocol
Mini Project 4Real Time Operating SystemRTOS RT-LINUX
  • RT- Linux
  • Different types of Operating systems
  • RTOS basics – Linux as Real Time
  • RTOS Introduction (Hard Real Time, Soft Real time)
  • Latency in Linux, Priority Inheritance
  • Linux 2.6 features for realtime
  • 2.6 Kernel Compilation
  • RT LINUX patching
  • Linux RTPREEMPT Patches
  • Configuring the Kernel with RT-PATCH
  • Implemantation of Real Time application
  • Linux real-time API
  • Measuring and camparing scheduling latency in standard Linux and in RT-Linux with the latest RT patches
  • Porting RT-Linux on ARM and application development
Object Oriented Programming with C++
  • Overview
  • Characteristics
  • Function Overloading
  • Scope Resolution Operator
  • Classes in C++
  • Access Specifiers
  • Constructor, Destructor
  • Static members, Functions
  • Friend Classes, Friend Functions
  • Operator Overloading
  • Data Conversions
  • Inheritance, Polymorphism
  • Exception Handling, Templates
  • Input and Output Streams
  • Introduction
  • Core Features
  • Version History
  • Data Flow Model
  • Registers
  • CPU Modes
  • Memory Organization
  • Interrupts
  • Pipelining
  • ARM Assembly Language Programming
  • Addressing Modes
  • ARM 7 Instruction Set (20/80% -rule of assembly language)
  • Usage of Keil IDE
  • Demonstrating ARM ISA
  • Demonstrating THUMB ISA
  • ARM Embedded C language Implementation
  • Exposure to an ARM7 CPU Core Based Microcontroller
  • LPC2114-ARM7 Based Microcontroller from Philips Semiconductors
  • On-Chip System Peripherals
  • Bus Structure (AMBA)
  • Memory Map
  • Phase Locked Loop
  • VPB Driver
  • Pin Connect Block
  • On-ChipUser Peripherals
  • General Purpose I/0 : Demo using switch & LED
  • Vectored Interrupt Controller (VIC)
  • External Interrupts : Demos
Final ProjectIoT on Raspberry Pi – (Student Optional)Introduction to the “Internet of Things”Introduction to Raspberry Pi
  • Tools : Win32ImageWrite & SDFormatter
  • Loading Raspbian OS image on SD CARD
  • Demo programs using C
  • Backing Up Updated SD CARD & OS image
  • Installing Wiring Pi package
  • Controlling the Raspberry Pi 2 GPIO by command line
Networking with Pi
  • Client – Server programming for Automating Device / sniffing Device State
IoT -Cloud
  • Installing and configuring PubNub SDK for C language
  • Creating credentials with PubNub Cloud Server
  • End to End IoT program demonstrations
Student can opt for this based on his/her interest. No Extra Cost.Additional Modules (Will be dealt based on MNCs Requirement)
  • Android
  • iPhone
  • Linux Devices Drivers
  • Embedded Linux
  • Windows Mobile
  • Perl
  • Python
VECTOR Institute’s Embedded Academic Projects cover almost all the topics/subjects that are part of B.Tech Final year & M.Tech course.
Preparatory Course towards Academic Projects
(A) Introduction to Microcontrollers
1. Introduction to Microcontrollers
2. Microcontrollers Vs Microprocessors
3. Controller Architecture
  • Memory Organization
  • Basic Registers
  • Special Function Registers

4. Controller Programming in “Embedded-C”
  • Introduction to Cross Compilers

5. Timers
6. Counters
7. Interrupts
8. Serial Communication
(B)Understanding Basic Devices
1. Light Emitting Diodes
2. Switches
3. Seven Segment Displays
4. Liquid Crystal Displays
5. Matrix Keyboard
6. Relays
7. Buzzers
8. DC Motor
9. Introduction to protocols
  • SPI (Serial Peripheral Interface)
  • I2C (Inter Integrated Circuit)
  • CAN (Controller Area Network) – Optional
Lab Work
1. Explanation about how to use the Compiler
  • How to Create project
  • How to Create source file
  • How to generate hex file
  • debugging

2. Explanation about Microcontroller Development Board
3. Interfacing a Light Emitting Diode
4. Interfacing Switches
5. Interfacing Seven Segment Display
6. Interrupts
7. Timers & Counters
8. Interfacing a LCD display
  • 8-bit Mode
  • 4-bit Mode

9. Interfacing a 4×4 Matrix Keypad
10. Serial Communication
  • Transmitting character and string
  • Receiving character and string

11. Interfacing a DC Motor
12. Interfacing Relay & Buzzer

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